Monthly Archives: June 2017

Space, object and time

Space, object and time must be one complete system, for the existence of objects infers the existence of both space and time. Space, objects and time are not independent of each other.

It is possible to think (imagine) that they are separate “things”, just as we can think of the front and back of a piece of paper as discrete sides, but they are never separate from each other as such (even though with great skill, ingenuity and difficulty we can do it but they will always remain from the original one piece of paper).


what is it
about you
(or rather
the lack of you)
that gives you
your quality?

is it the objects
that do not fill you
or is it
the march of time
so steady
that make you
what you are?

some people fear
your vast emptiness
but really
you are nothing

you should be
embraced, loved
if possible
for without you
i & everything else
would not exist

Space, time and perception

There is no reason for space and time to cease to exist simply because of the end of perception. Any one birth or death does not change space/time. There being necessarily a time in which nothing sentient existed to perceive space/time must mean that perception of it does not define it.

Therefore, space/time is independent of perception.


it was inevitable
but only too soon
too young at thirty-four
the order was wrong
all too wrong
she left behind three
dear ones
(the world was a stage
and she adored them
through every fault
and every perfection
until the very end)
& thousands more
who knew her generosity
her kindness, her courage
people wanted to know
to connect with her
and she chose to connect
in the most modern of ways
that may have taken her away

The non-agreement of logic

It is said that there is no agreement of the exact definition of logic. Considering that formal logic, symbolic logic and mathematical logic all have a different understanding of the sign, then, it would be difficult to come to any agreement.

The fact that in mathematical logic signs are joined in a numerical abstract relation divorced from reality it cannot be applied directly to it (although most people think it is the purest language). And symbolic logic tries to work with grammar, again abstract and different depending on the language.

The only real description of logic is therefore one which is based on the physical without being related to the signifier. We need to separate the signifier and signified in a meaningful logical way.

Define the system and its range

All systems are necessarily closed. It has a range and limit. Everything within the system will define each and every other object within the system.

The English alphabet is one such system. There are 26 letters. each and every one of those letters contrast to each other for not being one another. Within the confines of these 26 letters all combinations of words are made. Saussure called this the system of difference. For the signifier this is difference is easy to understand. Together with the signified the story becomes less clear. Since the relationship between signifier and signified is arbitrary this means a signified can take any signifier. Up to a certain this can be true. However, the reality is that some signified meanings take on certain signifiers in the form of polysemy. Other forms of dictatorial tendencies may be seen in onomatopoeia, assonance and alliteration. In other words there is both arbitrariness and systematicity at work in the relationship between form and meaning.

To me, the implications of this is important to our understanding of the nature of language, and ultimately to the nature of thought.


Yesterday was the end of the Interleague series between the Japanese Central and Pacific League baseball. Had Hiroshima Carp won against the Fukuoka Softbank Hawks they would have been at the top of that table. But the loss had meant they were second. This is the meaning of ordinal. Ordinal numbers indicate an order but not size.

As of yesterday Carp were 3 games ahead of Hanshin Tigers. This means that if Carp lost three games and the Tigers win three the two teams would be equal first. This is the meaning cardinal. Cardinal numbers indicate a size but not order. You could be fifth and sixth and the size could still be 3 games difference.

There could be two players with the same name in baseball. So how do we tell the difference between the two? By giving unique identification numbers (or ID). An ID is a unique number to indicate each individual object (or in this case, player). The ordinal and magnitude of the numbers are irrelevant, only that each ID is different from another. When used in this way a number is nominal. It is a label and nothing more. Numbers used as labels are a relatively recent invention. With the advent of databases and such we can keep track of millions, billions or even trillions or objects.

A word can be said to be like a nominal signifier. However, they are different in that a single signifier can have several different but related meanings. Unlike numbers signs need to be used in a sequence or syntax known as a sentence. Thus a word can have more than one meaning (polysemy) according to the sequence.