A Buddhism Glossary

Buddha – the founder of Buddhism from around 500 BCE.

Buddhism – a collection of religions or philosophies founded on the teachings of Buddha. Today, Buddhism is still concentrated predominantly in Asia.

dependent-origination – a description of the chain of rebirth.

Eightfold Path – the practice which will lead to freedom from suffering.

enlightenment – release from suffering. The goal of Buddhism.

Existence, Three Marks of  – the nature of the world.

Four Noble Truths – an explanation of suffering and the way to be free of it.

impermanence – the truth that all things without exception are impermanent.

karma – literally ‘deeds’ or ‘action’. The source of rebirth.

mind – considered one of the senses.

non-self – a main root of suffering is caused by doubt about the truth of non-self.

rebirth – the cycle of suffering. What Buddhists are attempting to end.

skandha – the illusionary personality rooted in ‘form’, ‘sensation’, ‘perception’, ‘mental formations’ and ‘consciousness’.

suffering – the state of suffering caused by doubt of the truth of impermanence.