absolute – opposite of relative, dependent, and conditioned. In other words, it is something that is independent and unconditioned. An absolute can only be known through the hermeneutic circle with the relative. Began either with Socrates, Plato or Parmenides, further extended by Abrahamic religions.
Buddhism – a religion/philosophy founded on the teachings of Buddha, which explains the nature of existence (as impermanent, unsatisfactory, and without self) and the way to find satisfactoriness.
calque – a loan word created from the literal translation of the target language.
empiricism – the philosophical position that all we know, can know, or can come to know derives from sense experience.
epistemology – the study of what is known and how it is known.
flux – a fundamental characteristic of the world.
hermeneutic circle – the whole is understood by the parts and vice versa. No part can be understood without the rest. Context.
*individuation – a fundamental characteristic of things. See discretion.
materialism – the philosophical position that all that exists is matter or is derived from it.
ontology – a subject of study in philosophy that is concerned with the nature of existence (LDOCE6); the study of what exists and its characteristics.
philosophy – the study of the nature and meaning of existence, truth, good and evil etc (LDOCE6).
*possible outcomes – a possible outcome is one that does not exist. While it was possible to have a world where Trump is not the president of the United States of America, the reality is that he is.
possible worlds – a term associated with Lewis. The entirety is the world and its possibilities. Not taken to be possible here.
progress – a fallacy that began with the Enlightenment. Linked to evolution and Hegalian philosoophy.
*projectionism – the attribution of qualities that do not exist to things by a sense-thing.
rationalism – the philosophical position that reason is all that is necessary for knowledge.
*space – that which is inferred from the relationship of things.
thing – the only reality which exists.
time – that which is inferred from the change in the relationship of things.
*world, the – the entirety of things/space/time.