The reality and its objects are without inherent processes, qualities and relations. With perception we project onto the reality and its objects.


Death is not to be feared. It gives value to the life that precedes it. And it is not separate from one or the other. Life and death make up a single aspect of reality. Reality is a system of mutually defining entities. Nothing is should be treated as separate from the system but everything should be considered when thinking about and engaging with reality.

Typography, horology and Grand Seiko

I am a big fan of automatic watches. I wear one, and I love the sheer love, quality and craftsmanship that goes into making these timepieces.

Seiko, particularly Grand Seiko, is a brand which I admire but would not buy at the moment. It isn’t the price tag, but rather it is the choice of font type chosen for its name logo and the use of Roman numerals on some of their timepieces. Simply, it isn’t modern. It says 20th century. And it says wear a suit. I’m living in the 21st century and I wear jeans more often than anything else.

One might not think of font type as important, especially when it is on a watch, but it does. It needs to match the rest of the watch as well as the body to which it is attached. To me, the font type on the Grand Seiko needs an desperate update.

Abstract object

x is an abstract object if and only if x has no spatiotemporal location, cannot bring about effects, is imperceptible by the senses yet is in principle thinkable. NUMBER and UNIVERSALS might be abstract objects. It is controversial whether abstract objects exist and, if they do, whether they necessarily exist.

Flew and Priest (1983)

The first statement lists four conditions of something being an abstract object: 1) no spatiotemporal location; 2) cannot bring about effects; 3) imperceptible by the senses, and; 4) in principle thinkable.

Something not being in space and time is fairly uncontroversial. The second and third may raise some eyebrows as to whether abstract objects have an effect in the space and time, and whether their effects are found in reality and sensed. Again, some will argue that if something is thinkable, it exists, whether it is a concrete object or an abstract one.

I will argue that since something called an abstract object has no spatial and temporal location, does not affect matter in space and time, and is imperceptible, it is only “existent” as a thought of an object, and not a thing in itself. The application of the term object therefore seems to be is a misnomer.

In the sense first

“nihil in intellectu nisi prius in sensu”

(Nothing is in the intellect unless first being in the senses.)

Knowledge is ordinary and has nothing to do with any metaphysical place or thing. Any implication that there is something beyond the senses needs to be questioned. Our knowledge of the world need not be given in any way. For the hunter-gatherer in the deepest of the most remote forest has knowledge that is beyond ours in the densest of of cities.

There is no vacuum from which knowledge comes from. There is no a-temporal a-spatial vacuum from which we begin to exist. We are the informed by from the time and place in which we come into being.